What is tramadol?
Tramadol or commonly known as Ultram is an opioid pain medicine used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It is available in the market in two forms. The consumption of the immediate release form of tramadol offers pain relief usually within an hour whereas the extended release form shows its effects at a lower rate and is majorly used to provide pain relief over some time. Tramadol 50 mg is used for both acute and chronic pain caused by different reasons including injury, surgery, illnesses such as a tumour, different forms of arthritis and neuropathy.
How does it Work?
Tramadol works by acting on the central nervous system. It affects neurotransmitters inside the brain to relieve pain. It stimulates the secretion and activity of serotonin-norepinephrine which blocks pain signals from reaching the brain. It also activates opioid receptors which work together with serotonin norepinephrine to relieve pain.
What are the Possible Side Effects of Tramadol?
Just like every other medicine tramadol also has side effects. These side effects do not occur often. However, it is important to know the possible side effects of tramadol so that if you experience them, you can seek the help of a doctor immediately before complications arise.
Common side effects of Tramadol
- Nausea and vomiting
- spinning sensation
- runny nose
- loss of appetite
- weakness and fatigue
- soreness of the face, neck, arms, and sometimes upper chest
- sore throat
- euphoria ( state of being very excited and happy)
Less common side effects of Tramadol
- Loose motions
- Dry mouth
- Rashes on the skin
- Visual disturbances
- Disturbances in touch sensation
- Pain in the stomach, abdomen region, arms, legs and lower back.
- ear congestion
- ear drainage
- swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, lower legs and other parts of the body
Rare side effects of Tramadol
- Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there)
- Difficulty in urination
- Difficulty in concentration
- Fast heart beat
- seizures (convulsions)
- Loss of coordination
- Blood in urine
- Chest pain
- Increase in blood pressure
- Memory loss
- Yellow skin
What precautions should be taken when consuming tramadol 50 mg?
People that experience the following conditions should consult a doctor and take their advice before consuming tramadol to relieve severe pain.
- Allergy or hypersensitivity to tramadol or any of the ingredients contained in the formulation
- Kidney and liver disorders such as kidney stones and liver cancer.
- use of drugs and or alcohol abuse
- withdrawal symptoms due to alcohol or drug abuse
- Neurological disorders such as epilepsy
- Asthma, chronic lung disease or any other breathing disorder
- History of mental illness and abnormal behavior
- Pregnant women or women who are planning to become pregnant
- Old people